They constitute the force driving the course of history.

A battle ensued among Austria as well as Prussia to steer the unification in the Confederation into one German nation. In this world of conflict, a universe of executioners and victims it is the duty of people who think in the manner that Albert Camus suggested, not to stand in the camp against the executed." This culminated at the time of the Austro-Prussian War (1866), of which Prussia was victorious. This is why our history that is the complex story of the people’s history as well as the history of the people of the people from below is vital because it tells the tale of the people who are common or the peasants, working class: it’s the history of the common people. Prussia was later targeted by France hoping to stop the rise of a single Germany The ensuing Franco-Prussian War (1870-71) also concluded with a Prussian victory. 1,13,14. We are making history. After having fought off these two formidable rivals Prussia was able to unite both the Confederation (minus Austria) into the German Empire which was the dominant power of that European continent.

The people that create history. Prussian success in each war was due in large part to the strategic thinking of the highest minister of the King’s administration, Otto von Bismarck . They constitute the force driving the course of history. The creation of the German Empire (1871) marks the beginning of modern Germany , which is why Bismarck is often called"the "father for modern Germany". Churchill was certainly influential during The Second World War, but the majority of people in all nations fought against the fascist regime at a great cost to themselves, taking an integral role in that particular fight. A396,1,13,14.

Examining the history of individuals and the radical developments within it offers an alternative historical narrative or story that essay tells the story of our past. While Austria suffered defeat in the Austro-Prussian War, Hungary successfully claimed recognition as a separate country in the Austrian Empire. Through studying the history of the average person in the middle of the story, you will begin to comprehend the larger view. Although it fell just short of full sovereignty, allowed Hungary an important degree of control over its domestic issues. "This way of writing about history is in contradiction to approaches that tend to place emphasis on single major people in the history of the world, commonly called"the theory of the Great Man. it claims that the main element of history is the day-to-day lives of the average person with their social status, social standing and their profession. From then on in the history of Hungary was referred to as Austrian Empire is commonly known as Austria-Hungary , also known as "Austro-Hungarian Empire". 1,13,14. These are the things in the world that "push or pull" on people’s opinions and permit developments to emerge instead of famous people who introduce ideas or creating historical events." (Wikipedia – People’s history) Russian Revolution.

For instance, take E.P Thompson’s classic book The Making of the English Working Class (1963). While the Pax Britannica drew on, Russia saw a rise in social unrest and culminated in Nicholas II (the final tsar). The book focused on documenting the background of the working-class, but not to praise or denigrate their achievements, but to simply describe their history in their individual terms. Nicholas saw his rise to power as a formidable communist party headed by Vladimir Lenin (see Marxism). 16. Thompson was an Marxist historian who believed it was important when writing the book to demonstrate the role of the working class in the past and how the working class was created and shaped, hence the title of the book.

Popular sentiments for revolution surged after Nicholas’s loss in his victory in the Russo-Japanese War , then exploded by the harrowing losses from the First World War . Thompson was determined to reveal the history of the past as it unfolds, and not prior histories that tried to diminish the importance of the working class. In the subsequent Russian Revolution (1917), Lenin seized control of the country, sparking years of civil war (between Lenin’s party, rival revolutionary forces, and counter-revolutionaries). According to McNally asserts: The confiscation of private property by the state destroyed the nobility’s power and the clergy. "Thompson was keen to highlight the role of the ordinary working people as the most important factor in the process of historical development. A434-38,16,17. By doing this, he sought to emphasize the essential worth of the people who are the ones who make (and have created) history. "I am seeking" the author wrote in a well-known passage, ‘to save the poor stocker as well as the Luddite cropper as well as that "obsolete" handloom weavers, the "utopian" maker and even the foolish fan from Joanna Southcott, from the immense snarkiness of history." Russia was declared to be a soviet socialist republic . The book was the most renowned, because Thompson tried to discover and expose the tensions and conflicts that contributed to the making of history.

The years that followed the establishment of the other "soviet socialist states" (e.g. This is quite different from the dominant view of history , which portrays whole communities as passive, unaffected subjects who are being unaffected by the discussions and conflicts that shaped their times. Ukraine, Belarus) and their union with Russia resulted in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) which encompassed the majority in Eastern Europe. It is impossible to objectively judge the history of the past. The USSR was far from a republic however it was a brutal, socialist dictatorship which was filled with spying, detention (often in labour camps in Siberia) and torture and even execution.

The writing of history is always based on some theoretical or ideological viewpoints. A434-38,K378-79. A critique on the development of capitalism by an Marxist will be very different from that of the neoliberal economist. World War Period. Both would have subscribed to a set or principles beforehand that would have dictated the methodological and theoretical strategy to be followed and even the issues that are asked. 1914-45 Summary of Twentieth Century Europe World War I 1914-18 the Allies (Britain, France, Russia, Italy, Japan, US) defeat the Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey) interwar period 1918-1939 rise of the the fascist regimes of Germany, Italy, and Japan World War II 1939-45 the Allies (Britain, France, Russia, China, US) defeated their adversaries Axis Powers (Germany, Italy, Japan) Cold War 1945-1991 US and USSR battle for supremacy in global politics. the period from 1991 until today.

Furthermore, it is beneficial to be aware of the reality that every historical narrative (stories) are by nature politically oriented, since they either defend or defy the ideologies, values and the structure of society.

Tags: No tags

Add a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *